The population of Canada increased 5.9 per cent between the 2006 and 2011 censuses, compared with a 5.4 per cent increase during the previous five-year period.
The increase in the growth rate was attributable to slightly higher fertility and to an increase in the number of non-permanent residents and immigrants.
Canada’s population increased at a faster rate than the population of any other member of the G8 group of industrialized nations between 2006 and 2011.
This was also the case between 2001 and 2006.
Net international migration (the difference between immigrants and emigrants) accounted for two-thirds of Canada’s population growth during the last 10 years, and natural increase (the difference between births and deaths) for about one-third.
In contrast, recent population growth in the United States has been mainly the result of natural increase.
The 2011 Census of Population enumerated 33,476,688 people in Canada, compared with 31,612,897 in 2006.
– STATISTICS CANADA